A couple of weeks ago, Russian troops stole Ukrainian tractors and ‘gave’ these to Russian farmers. However, John Deere, the manufacturer of these tractors, was able to remotely disable this ‘smart’ farming equipment and render it useless. This example goes to show that, other than technologies of the past, the value of smart and connected devices no longer fully corresponds with their physical appearance. In most cases this is a good thing; connectivity adds value and regular updates promise to make the device better. Yet, the story of the Ukrainian tractors also shows how smart objects can suddenly lose value as well. In the same fashion, drone manufacturer DJI can remotely impose no-fly zones for drones, and many other devices, including cars, are sold with an ongoing subscription without which the object loses much of its value.
In other words we share the ownership and control over many of our digital devices with technology producers or governments. Through the Stack, these actors can provide updates, survey our use of the technology and even activate a kill-switch. While these forms of co-ownership are often born from a practical or economic perspective, e.g. focused on data extraction or recurring revenues, they are bound to result in moral interference as well. What we can or cannot do with our devices, be it tractors or guns, will increasingly be decided by their manufacturers and our governments.